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Guiding Principles on Business

and Human Rights

Implementing the United Nations "Protect, Respect and Remedy" Framework

Guiding Principles on Business

and Human Rights

Implementing the United Nations "Protect, Respect and Remedy" Framework

New York and Geneva, 2011

Note The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Symbols of United Nations documents are composed of capital letters combined with figures. Mention of such a figure indicates a reference to a United Nations document.

HR/PUB/11/04 ? 2011 United Nations All worldwide rights reserved

iii

Contents

I. THE STATE DUTY TO PROTECT HUMAN RIGHTS 3

A. Foundational principles

3

B. Operational principles

4

II.THE CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY TO RESPECT

HUMAN RIGHTS

13

A. Foundational principles

13

B. Operational principles

16

III. ACCESS TO REMEDY

27

A. Foundational principle

27

B. Operational principles

28

iv

This publication contains the "Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights: Implementing the United Nations `Protect, Respect and Remedy' Framework", which were developed by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on the issue of human rights and transnational corporations and other business enterprises. The Special Representative annexed the Guiding Principles to his final report to the Human Rights Council (A/HRC/17/31), which also includes an introduction to the Guiding Principles and an overview of the process that led to their development. The Human Rights Council endorsed the Guiding Principles in its resolution 17/4 of 16 June 2011.

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